Pardieck, J.E. BBS trend analysis shows an annual increase of 6.79% (95% C.I. However, secondary population constraints may further limit greater prai-rie-chickens in some areas. Jeffrey J. Lusk provided numerous helpful comments that improved this species account. It has been suggested that the general increase in the Greater Prairie-chicken’s range and numbers in eastern Nebraska since the 1980s is a consequence of the increasingly mosaic nature of agricultural areas there as CRP fields and smaller farms such as “hobby” farms become more widespread, in effect mimicking (in the reverse direction) the mid-late 19th century era of westward expansion of small grain-growing farms into prairie areas (Thomas Labedz, pers. Vogel, J.A., S.E. The populations in these areas may represent the northern range extent of the larger populations present in the Kansas Flint Hills. comm.). One bird at Marsh Duck WMA, York Co 13 Feb 2017 was the first sighting there, and there were further reports in 2017 at locations where breeding has not occurred: four were at Funk WPA, Phelps Co 10 Jul, and one was reported at Straightwater WMA, Seward Co 2 Jun; one was in the same area in 2018, near Tamora, Seward Co 14 Apr (Dubry-Garcia 2018). In Garden Co, recent reports are 11 Jun 1991, two “Possible” breeding reports (Mollhoff 2016), one flushed at Crescent Lake NWR 24 Apr 2017, “distant booming” heard there 4 Jun 2018, three there 11 Sep 2019, and at least one there 30 May 2020, and three near Oshkosh 26 May 2020. Its smaller and close cousin, the lesser prairie chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus), has suffered more habitat loss and cannot be hunted today due to population viability concerns. Currently, predation on eggs and birds is the primary cause of mortality. Adult greater prairie-chickens are barred with brown, tan, and rust colors throughout and are similar in size to a small domestic chicken. Bull. Vandever, 120-28. The only other Panhandle reports are of two in Cheyenne Co 12 Apr 2011, one in Deuel Co 20 May 2016, two in Deuel Co 1 Sep 2019, three there 6 Sep 2020, and single “Possible” and “Probable” reports from northeastern Morrill Co (Mollhoff 2016). The only recent report in the southeast away from these disjunct populations is of lek with four birds in southern Cass Co at the junction of Highways 50 and 34 on 13 Apr 2006 and, more recently, one was seen 3 mi west and 0.5 mi north of this junction 3 Jan 2020 (Josiah Dallmann, pers. Despite reduction in CRP acres and grassland, Greater Prairie-Chicken numbers appear to be stable or increasing. Schroeder, and L.A. Robb. As the birds migrated into North Dakota, tallgrass prairie interspersed with cropland became the preferred habitat. Preferred HabitatInitially the Greater Prairie-Chicken was dependent upon tallgrass prairie oak woodland in central North America. What is clear, however, is that as European settlement progressed westward beginning in the 1850s, and as croplands mixed with grasslands, Greater Prairie-Chicken numbers increased dramatically, a phenomenon experienced earlier and described by pioneers in Illinois and Iowa (Bent 1932). Version 2.07. In Birds of the World (A. F. Poole, Editor). CEHMM reported the bird’s population still centers around the village of Milnesand in Roosevelt County. Bulletin of the United State National Museum 162. Recent reports from Jefferson Co are few  and include booming heard at Rock Glen WMA 8 May 2012. An analysis of Greater Prairie-Chicken demography in Kansas: the effects of human land use on the population ecology of an obligate grassland species. Winter: This species has a propensity to move southeastward during severe winters, although as habitat has become fragmented throughout the range, this propensity has declined (Johnson et al 2020). South of the Platte River this species occurs east to Adams and Webster Cos, but east of there its habitat is localized, and distribution is discontinuous. For six decades, conservationists in Illinois tried to save the greater prairie chickens that once covered the state like its sea of grass. <> BBS trend analysis shows an annual increase of 6.79% (95% C.I. We conducted surveys for Greater Prairie-chickens (Tympanuchus cupido pinnatus) in central Wisconsin during March, April, and May of 2019. There just isn’t enough habitat.” It was suggested (Vogel et al (2015) that translocated birds move greater distances than local birds, probably due to unfavorable social interactions between lekking females and searching for mates at different lek sites. Current Population Estimates. Sauer, J.R., D.K. 3 0 obj 2020. endobj Description and Life History. They inflated their yellow air sacs and emitted a … Debinski. At the same time, population size went from 10 to 14 million in the 1860s to the 100 to 200 or so we have today. There are tufts of long feathers on the sides of the neck; these tufts are longer in males. There is a population at Audubon’s Spring Creek Prairie and neighboring private grasslands south of Denton, Lancaster Co: as many as 17 have been seen since 2000, those on 8 Oct 2002, and breeding was documented there in 2002, 2003, and 2010. Hoffman. Reports in 2004 were of a group of 10-15 males in a cornfield adjacent to grassland in Lincoln Co 17 Mar, 16 birds, including a female, in a central Fillmore Co cornfield with no nearby grasslands 24 May, and 30-35 birds in a wheat field planted to corn in Franklin Co 23 Mar; there was a report from northwest Nuckolls Co in 2007. They dropped to 200 birds by 2006. Johnsgard, P.A. The Greater Prairie–Chicken is a medium–sized grouse closely related to the Sharp–tailed Grouse. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA. www.BirdsofNebraska.org, Copyright © 2018-2021 by the authors. Zimmerman. One was in southeastern Wayne Co 18 Apr 2019, presaging reports in 2020 southeast of Madison Co in the Elkhorn River Valley, where one of 11 near Wood Duck WMA, Stanton Co 3 Apr was displaying, four were at Wood Duck WMA 8 May, and unexpected was one displaying on a gravel road southwest of Scribner, Dodge Co 17 Apr (Amanda Johnson, pers. During four years of work, over 10,000 tracking locations were recorded and 73 nests were found and monitored. Bent, A.C. 1932. Some of this increase was probably a result of greater survey effort. comm.). Prairie grouse response to Conservation Reserve Grasslands: an overview. When displaying, the males erect earlike plumes on the head and blow up bright orange air sacs on the neck, transforming themselves from … Swenk, M.H. Rodgers, R.D., and RW. Greater Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido), version 1.0. Two were in southeast Washington Co 26 Aug 2010 and one flushed from a Dodge Co cornfield 2 Apr 2010 was the observers’ first for the county. Busby, W.H., and J.L. By the end of the 19 th century its range had expanded to the east and north, as far as Lake Simcoe. 94���7���ISq��$ŕ�Q�����,�I�W��!��Q�Ӂ�z >�G�Q��EЕ*�v�[��)�9$�W�Zg���G=�\��B$2u:X���q�C�r"�g)��(�4�}!�s�O�Ʌ�+�"^�Cs�`�9�7"0D(��`7ñǼ>,� j��g=��!Lfz�l�JQ'�g1�#s��!�}\@1��&�8�,�+���Ļ% W���=��HH. Reduced vertical structure such as trees and farmsteads in the landscape concomitant with agricultural intensification may also have benefitted the species (Jorgensen 2012). Uncommon casual winter visitor east of breeding range. (Updated 2017/05/24) Top Greater Prairie-Chicken populations declined to near-extinction over the past century, mainly due to habitat loss as native prairie was converted to farmland. In extreme southwest Fillmore Co, 15 were seen along Highway 74 on 9 Apr 2017. Ph.D. dissertation, Kansas State University, 149 pages. Dinsmore. A.W. Since about 2004 there have been increasing observations of leks in row-crop fields rather than the usual grasslands in counties where there had been no recent reports of the species. The lesser prairie chicken is known for its dramatic mating displays, and once numbered in the millions across the southern U.S. plains. The greater prairie chicken is a medium large bird about the size of a chicken. Further east, there are reports from isolated Sandhills remnants, such as south of Atlanta in Harlan Co, and two miles west of Holstein and southeast and southwest of Lowell in Kearney Co. Changes since 2000: Population increases and range expansion observed in southeast Nebraska in the late 1990s and early 2000s, apparently in response to increased land set aside in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP; Rodgers and Hoffman 2005, Scott Taylor, NGPC, personal communication) tended to be reversed as grain commodity prices subsequently increased and CRP land returned to row-crop agriculture (Jeffrey Lusk, NGPC personal communication). endobj According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of the Greater prairie chicken is around 700,000 individuals. Dubry-Garcia, L.  2018. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. … 2020. Jorgensen (2012) presented evidence that this species had been extirpated as a resident in the eastern Rainwater Basin in the 1930s, but since then prairie-chickens have colonized and persisted at isolated grassland tracts, including those on wetland conservation properties where trees and brush have been removed. Their diet consists primarily of seeds and fruit, but during the summer they also eat green plants and insects such as grasshoppers, crickets, and beetles. All rights reserved. Documentation: Specimen: UNSM ZM10301, 25 Nov 1912 Comstock, Custer Co. Taxonomy:  Three subspecies are recognized (Pyle 2008): cupido, the extinct Heath Hen, attwateri, surviving in coastal Texas only with extensive conservation efforts, and pinnatus, the subspecies occurring in Nebraska and the northern Great Plains and Midwest. 2 0 obj The role and possible effects of winter movements as they relate to the history of Greater Prairie-Chicken in Iowa was discussed by Dinsmore and Dinsmore (2020). Link. Minnesota Breeding Bird Distribution* The Greater Prairie-Chicken was an original inhabitant of the midwestern tallgrass prairie. 2001. Although generally thought to undergo only local movements except on occasion in winter (Johnson et al 2020; see Winter), a recent telemetry study (Vogel et al 2015) found that a female that had been translocated from Chase Co, Nebraska to Grand River Grasslands, Ringgold Co, Iowa, subsequently travelled 3988 km into parts of four neighboring states 5 Apr 2013- 20 Jun 2014. 2015. Hines, D.J. The longest daily movements occurred in the spring periods during this period. As such, we will focus on the greater prairie chicken. 2016. <>/Metadata 3518 0 R/ViewerPreferences 3519 0 R>> In the Panhandle, Greater Prairie-Chicken appears to be expanding westward in recent years, although it may occur with some regularity only in extreme eastern Sheridan Co and at Crescent Lake NWR in Garden Co. Life histories of North American gallinaceous birds. The Minnesota Prairie Chicken Society conducted annual Greater Prairie-Chicken counts from 1974-2003 (Larson 2005 PDF). University of Nebraska State Museum, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA. Population increases in southeast Nebraska and elsewhere possibly led to some range expansion, such as in the Rainwater Basin, where small numbers were observed at and around grassland tracts associated with wetland conservation properties. Niven, J.E. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.grpchi.01. Identification Guide to North American Birds. Greater Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido). Silcock, W.R., and J.G. In the spring of 1982, members counted 1,648 males on 146 booming grounds in 14 counties, compared with 841 birds on 74 booming grounds in 11 counties in 1978 (Natural Heritage Information System 2008). They can tolerate agricultural land mixed with prairie, but fewer prairie are! The 1880s, the tally was estimated at 500,000 individuals in 1850 in! 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