The name is almost self-explanatory: bungalow, a rugged type of home. Suburbs of Sydney that developed in the 1990s—such as Cherrybrook, Wetherill Park, Green Valley, Cecil Hills, Edensor Park, Castle Hill, and Menai—are notable in the sense that large tracts of these developments contain almost exclusively Federation revival homes. However, the introduction of new materials and methods of construction during the 1960s meant there was experimentation and a lack of durability of some of the materials, which means that some of these houses may not have performed as well as expected. The NSW Queenslander is often smaller than the original classic Queenslander and is less decorative probably due to limited supply of delicate timber detail and trades-people to build them. If a building is over 25 years old, assume that it has been painted with lead-based paint. The period in its entirety stretches from 1837 to 1901 and was named after the then Queen, Queen Victoria. State housing dominated much of New Zealand building between 1940 and 1960, and a wide range of state house plans was available. Weatherboards were often used, although larger homes used red brick and blue stone. Split logs that had been adzed flat at the ends were then stood in the groove and another groove log was placed on top and slotted into place in a circular corner post. Thus, while a local magnate may have built his home in a classical style, he would potentially fund a church in the Gothic style. Defining features of houses from this period are curved corner windows, including Venetian blinds, some rare examples of which are curved. Colonial Cottage 1840-1870. A staircase almost always dominated the front yard leading to the verandah. Some pipe clay was obtained from the coves around Port Jackson. Robin Boyd, the Australian architect and writer, noted that three was 'the key to decorative smartness'; three steps usually being used for the waterfall effect and featured parallel lines were often in threes. Roofs were medium pitched and hipped with concrete tiles being used towards the end of the style in the late 60s. This led to the belief that picket fences looked appropriate at the front fence, although originally they were not used. Elizabeth Farm in Sydney’s Parramatta lays claim to being the oldest residential building in Australia, with parts of it dating to 1793, pipping the better known Cadman Cottage, which dates to around 1815, at Sydney’s Circular Quay. Palladian ideals reveal themselves in some of the few larger homes of the Regency period such as “Elizabeth Bay House”. Though layout and form varied, common themes included fairly small size, efficient layout, orientation for sun, small windows and a roof with a 30-degree pitch. The original fisherman's cottage was built in many coastal towns between the 1930s and 1950s. Renovation and interior design ideas for designing your kitchen, bathroom, lounge, bedroom, verandah and more. An example of contemporary Post modern pop architecture, Contemporary house in Kingsford, New South Wales. Contemporary styles from 2000 onwards include post modernism, modernism and pop architecture. Bungalows offered low cost, simple living quarters with an artistic touch to many Americans getting by on modest means. Australian residential architectural styles have evolved significantly over time, from the early days of structures made from relatively cheap and imported corrugated iron (which can still be seen in the roofing of historic homes) to more sophisticated styles borrowed from other countries, such as the Victorian style from the United Kingdom, the Georgian style from North America and Europe and the Californian bungalow from the United States. Houses can let in cold outside air and lose heat from the interior by air passing through gaps between weatherboards, tongue and groove board floors, around window sashes and doors, and through chimneys. Get your FREE digital copy of Renovate Handbook, Prove you are human by leaving this field blank, (Don’t worry - if you change your mind you can unsubscribe anytime), Get in touch with Refresh to discuss your home renovation project. Roofs usually tiled with extended eaves. Another aspect of Australian suburbia is that the suburbs tend to have a combination of both upper middle class and middle class housing in the same neighbourhood. Completed 1857. Colonial Architecture is the term used for the buildings constructed in Australia between European settlement in January 1788 and about 1840. Houses of axe-hewn slabs with Iron-bark roofs continued to be built in rural Australia until WWII. Originally specific to Queensland, the [Ashgrovian style developed from the hipped bungalow style and was characterised by a frontage with a grand gable roof, often surrounded by secondary smaller gables behind, the smaller gables usually sheltering verandahs and sleep-outs. Towards the end of the Victorian era, timber fretwork was being used more and more, which led into the Edwardian/Federation Styles. 1940s architecture in Australia: house styles and influences. From the mid-19th century in particular, as people became more affluent, they built more elaborate homes, and one of the favoured elaborations was the filigree, or screen, of cast iron or wrought iron. In Australia “Art Deco” refers to the 1930’s. The style emphasized curving forms, long horizontal lines, and sometimes nautical elements, such as railings and porthole windows. It looks like wrapping their heads around the eras is something the teams will struggle with, judging by the tears in the first promo. This is the era of the 1940’s and 50’s double brick cottage, the fibro home, the waterfall style with curved brickwork, and later the triple fronted brick home. Originally Gothic was for God, and the Classical for the man. Queensland House Designs, 1930 to 1940 Continuing the collection of Queensland House Design catalogues, this page includes publications from 1930 through to 1940. They were influenced in particular by the regulation British military buildings in India and other tropical locations. They have wide verandahs (often the length of the house and enclosed by shutters, and roofs are gabled and corrugated iron. It’s easy for specialists to remove asbestos. A gable roof faced either the front or side always. 1900-1940. Thus, the Federation style was, broadly speaking, the Australian version of the Edwardian, but differed from the Edwardian in the use of Australian motifs, like kangaroos, the rising sun (of Federation), and emus, Australian flora and geometric designs. Rectory of St Mark's Church, Darling Point, New South Wales. The Queenslander style house is characterized by an all timber painted exterior, a timber stud frame, and a floor raised on piles for air flow in hot climate. See library catalogue record for more information. Steel-framed casement sashes, with larger panes of glass and terra cotta tiled roofs with a moderate pitch. Juniper Hall, Oxford Street, Paddington, New South Wales; built 1824-25[10], Woodlands, Killara, New South Wales. The house is a reproduction of the home in which the Hymers family lived during the making of the Channel 4 series 1940s House (2001). We take a look at six of the most iconic styles that define Australia’s architectural landscape today. In the early 1940s, Australia found itself in danger of a Japanese invasion. Some[who?] Period: 1788-1840 A lot can happen in 50 years, and architecture in Australia came a long way in the 50 years after white settlement. The gable ends and roof eaves often feature ornate timber brackets, and timber detailing and fretwork are a common inclusion on verandahs.[16]. For many years, Australian homes were built with little understanding of the Australian climate and were widely dependent on European styles that were unsympathetic to Australian landscapes. Walls were brick in accordance with council regulations at the time, with white or cream yellowish cream stucco finish and Spanish terra cotta tiles. In the Victorian period, the screen was made of wrought iron, but in the Federation period it was made of wooden fretwork, which could be quite elaborate. The idea was that state housing should not all look the same, in order to avoid the appearance of mass-produced government housing. Roofs are often low pitched roof and skillion. In the Mid Victorian Style, decoration began to gain popularity. The Waterfall style and Art Deco combined, Heidelberg, Victoria. Federation style is now known as the Australian adaptation of Edwardian architecture. Jenner House, Potts Point, New South Wales, Admiralty House, Kirribilli, New South Wales, Ayers House, North Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia. Because architectural styles have varied in Australia over the years (from villas to bungalows and brick renders), there is a slight inconsistency in the architectural flow of the suburban streets, with one writer noting that Australian housing styles tend to comingle and coexist awkwardly. Late Victorian Style homes had perhaps the most decorative features in all of the known architectural styles to date, which is often referred to as Boom Style. Darker colours were originally used but, as the years went by, new brighter paint served as a welcoming change to open up the spaces and brighten up the homes. With so many types of house styles, narrowing the list down to your favorite can be overwhelming. Spanish Mission home in Heidelberg, Victoria. The Gothic style gained favour from the early days of Queen Victoria's reign. Government House, Melbourne, Victoria; completed in 1876, Eynesbury House, Kingswood, South Australia; completed in 1881[13], Kamesburgh, North Road, Brighton, Victoria, Walshome, Centennial Park, New South Wales, Bishopscourt, East Melbourne, Victoria; completed in 1853, Jesmond House, The Hill, Newcastle, New South Wales, Myrnong Hall, Acland Street, St Kilda, Victoria, Werribee Park, Werribee, Victoria; completed in 1877[14]. Completed 1857. The kitchen was frequently detached and entered from a rear verandah or covered breezeway where pantry or scullery might also be located. Elizabeth Farm cottage, Parramatta, New South Wales; completed in 1793; one of the oldest surviving residences in Australia, Experiment Farm Cottage, Harris Park, New South Wales; completed 1795, Harrisford House, Parramatta, New South Wales; completed 1820s, Houisons House, Parramatta, New South Wales, Bowmans Cottage, Richmond, New South Wales; completed 1815, Linden House, Parramatta, New South Wales, Old Government House, Parramatta, New South Wales; completed between 1799 and 1820, Tusculum, Potts Point, New South Wales. See more ideas about house exterior, house, house colors. There is no mandatory requirement to upgrade the insulation of existing parts of a house, but all new work must meet current standards. Abercrombie House, Bathurst, New South Wales. Completed 1860s, The Abbey, Annandale, New South Wales. It is sometimes combined with the Ranch style house. Its role in Australia began when the English architect Edward Blore designed Government House in Sydney in 1834. The first imported roofing material was corrugated iron sheeting. Completed 1837, Rockwall House, designed by John Verge, in Potts Point, New South Wales, Elizabeth Bay House, Elizabeth Bay, New South Wales, also designed by John Verge, Clarendon House, Evandale, Tasmania; completed in 1838[9], Conservatorium of Music, Sydney, designed by Francis Greenway. A wide range of insulation options is available for roof spaces, walls and underfloor areas. Source: ‘House styles in Adelaide: a Pictorial History’, J.N. highlights the state’s many styles and the eras in which they flourished. The styles during this period were: Georgian, Regency, Egyptian, Academic Classical, Free Classical, Filligree, Mannerist, Second Empire, Italianate, Romanesque, Academic Gothic, Free Gothic, Tudor, Rustic Gothic and Carpenter Gothic. The Italianate style developed as a result of French painters who idealised the Italian landscape and turned it into their version of Arcadia. Some regional variations developed. On the one hand, kitchens were still fairly small. We will get in touch with you at a time that suits you to discuss your project. Home planners and architects in Australia have suggested adapting similar styles of new homes with the surrounding established homes to create a sense of uniformity. Where these shingles have been applied to brick houses, they have sometimes survived to the 21st century, covered by subsequent corrugated iron roofs. For the rich, particularly in the wealthier parts of the larger metropolitan areas, the style evoked images of French aristocracy. Your post-war home, 1945. Home design styles in the 1940s straddled the 20th century. Published by Allen & Unwin, 2002. Cement rendered pavilion style architecture. Australian Housing Styles is a five page technical bulletin containing illustrations of architectural details from different periods.. Australian Housing Styles. 1940s Casual outfits – Ideas for non-dressy casual 40s styles in the summer and for fall / winter. [3], The housing of the Eora people first encountered by Europeans in the Sydney region were shelters constructed of a semicircle of stick, covered with large sheets of bark which could be conveniently stripped off Melaleuca trees which grew profusely along waterways. Casa Tasso, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales, Ostia, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales, Home, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales, Bungalow, Shaftsbury Road, Burwood, New South Wales, Arundel, Harrow Road, Bexley, New South Wales, Ranger's cottage, Centennial Park, New South Wales, designed by government architect Walter Liberty Vernon. The style was widespread within the realm of residential housing (especially in new development suburbs) and for apartment buildings; however, smaller shopping centres and other public buildings also made use of the revival style that retained widespread popularity until the early 2000s. Very few 19th-century houses of wattle and daub or split timber have survived. Constructions can be entirely of brick (often painted), entirely timber, or a combination of brick on the lower part of the house and timber on the upper. Rare example of the bungalow style applied to an apartment building, Home in Kensington, New South Wales, without the characteristic squat columns, Bungalow with the characteristic verandah in Pennington, South Australia. Here's how to tell the differences between each architectural style. All Refresh Renovations franchises are independently owned and operated. These styles include Stripped Classical, Ecclesiastical, International, Organic, Sydney Regional, Perth Regional, Adelaide Regional, Tropical, Brutalist, Structural, Late Modern, Post Modern, Australian Nostalgic and Immigrants' Nostalgic. Structural problems in 1940s to 1960s houses may include undersized framing, inadequate bracing and unsafe chimneys. ... House Styles and Home Architecture. A large proportion of the houses built during the 1940s, 50s and 60s will require upgrading to bring them up to current standards of comfort and efficiency. The street facing view is often symmetrical. American house styles come in many shapes, some with architectural details borrowed from classical profiles, some unique to the New World. The loss of gable front resulted in the straight hipped roof now becoming the most common of all roof designs for decades to come. The 'Waterfall' or 'Waterfall Front' style came to be known as such from the use of descending curves in chimneys, fence pillars and other vertical elements. Cards, photographs, news clippings and commemorative items were often stuck directly onto the walls. Find architects, interior designers and home renovation contractors. The Rose Seidler House built by Harry Seidler for his parents between 1948 and 1950 in Sydney incorporated Modernist features of open planning, a minimal colour scheme, and labour saving devices that were new to Australia at the time. Over 20 million inspiring photos and thousands of Houzz Australia Ideabooks from top designers. Front fences had a castellated top and feature piers raised above the top of the rest of the brick fence. Timber strap-work can be used and windows frames painted for effect. Alma Road, St Kilda, Victoria; completed 1923. 1845–1900 Fashionable modern houses of the thirties in the Streamline Moderne style were sometimes described as being like ocean liners, with walls, windows and balconies all sweeping around corners. Products Australian House Styles. Of these fifteen styles, the following seven were normally used for residential architecture: A typical Victorian Georgian house of the 19th century was simple, elegant and formal in style. Butterfly roofs can also be employed quite successfully in this design. Their influence was long-lasting and eventually led to the Italianate architectural style of the 19th century. Styles which existed during the 1915-40 period include Edwardian, Georgian Revival, Academic Classical, Free Classical, Bungalow, Mediterranean, Spanish Mission, Art-Deco, Skyscraper Gothic, Romanesque, Gothic and Old English. Distinctly recognised by twisted pylons to a porch area covering the front door, usually windows grouped in threes to the side of the front door area on simpler homes. This style of house has a brick facade (exterior) with timber frames supporting interior walls, usually of gyprock. It was widely used in Queensland as a way of providing shade and circulation of air for a home. The Streamline Moderne style was a late branch of the Art Deco style. The replica house was on display at IWM London until 2011. Iconographic shapes like scallops, sweeps, and curves were common. Heat loss through draughts can be reduced by foam stripping doors and windows, installing carpet over foam underlay and removing or blocking open fireplaces or installing closed firebox inserts. Adelaide is indeed rich in differing house styles. The simplest houses were of a single room, which, if the bread-winner prospered, became the kitchen to a more substantial residence, or conversely, became the living room with a lean-to kitchen added. The only featured part of the house included matching decorative front fences, and a featured roof affect. All of these requirements and qualities should be considered when designing a house. Grass, leaves and reeds were used as a thatch where suitable bark was not available.[4]. The houses were typically narrow, linear, and single storey with a low pitched gable roof. *All information is believed to be true at time of publishing and is subject to change. People are often confused by these two styles and that's because they're actually the same thing. They had exposed rafters and wide eaves. It has been maintained and rebuilt after floods many times and is said traditionally to have been given to the local clans by the Creator Spirit. Almost all of the houses shown in this section were built after 1960 and photographed just north of Sydney on the Central Coast of NSW. "Newman House" in St Kilda, Victoria; completed 2000. New Zealand's first and only magazine solely dedicated to home renovations. Two local roofing materials were available- there were extensive reed beds near the Cook's river for thatching. Houses that grew piecemeal were generally asymmetrical, with the door leading into the original room. Is Australia in the midst of a housing crisis? 1940s Costumes – Cheap Halloween or party costume can give you more ideas. Please note the publication date of the bulletin when referring to them for information as heritage practice and … If you would like to find out how Refresh Renovations can support you with a high quality, efficient home renovation, get in touch today. Most buildings erected in the first 50 years of Australian settlement were simple and plain. A modernistic folly in multi-coloured brickwork may sit next door to a Georgian mansionette on one side and a sensible work of architectural exploration on the other. Houses from the Victorian era cover a range of architectural styles … Grounds and Boyd later worked in partnership. A very modern looking style at the time, inspired by a German movement known as Bauhaus, representing functional and clinical architecture. The 1940s House is a British historical reality television programme made by Wall to Wall/Channel 4 in 2001 about a modern family that tries to the live as a typical middle-class family in London during The Blitz of World War II. Colonial architecture is actually an overarching descriptor for a number of architectural styles that were used through this period, having originated from Britain. Weatherboard cladding is likely to remain in good condition if properly maintained, but brick claddings may be cracked or have corroded ties, and asbestos claddings may need replacement. Jul 29, 2020 6:40am. The Bungalow. In Melbourne, Robin Boyd and Roy Grounds articulated a Melbourne interpretation of the modern style. Mar 19, 2019 - Explore Petra Howie's board "1940's house" on Pinterest. 1. In the 1980s and 1990s most parts of Australia had a building boom which strained building supplies, so many buildings from this era are characterised by cheap and low quality materials. Federation revival home in Wahroonga, New South Wales, Federation revival home in Roseville, New South Wales, Federation revival apartments in Lindfield, New South Wales, Federation revival apartments in Miranda, New South Wales (c. 1995), Federation revival house in Kingsford, New South Wales, Federation revival house in Kensington, New South Wales. Windows are often also steel framed. Travel in Italy and Spain was a common pursuit for many local architects, who saw the buildings of these Mediterranean regions as appropriate to the climate and light of Australian cities, … "The Past & Future of the Australian Suburb." A typical 'Queenslander' style house in Brisbane. Roofs of this type were to become part of the Australian vernacular. Many houses of this era have retained their appearance and character – strongly influenced by state housing – but modifications are often necessary and can make a real difference to the performance of the home. This style can almost instantly be recognised by the columns holding up a front veranda area. Biltmore apartments, Albert Park, Victoria, Corana and Hygeia Terraces, Randwick, New South Wales, IIfracombe and Clovelly Terraces, Randwick, New South Wales, "History House" terrace, Macquarie Street, Sydney. The homes are from the 1910s, 1920s, 1930s, 1940s and 1950s, with each property featuring its own unique design and heritage charm.. Glenfern, East St Kilda. It had a certain appeal for what was a predominantly Anglo-Saxon population at the time. Out of the twelve Federation styles, however, only the following four were normally used[according to whom?] In the earliest houses windows were usually small, and multi-paned with cylinder glass. Typical modern suburban home in Homebush, New South Wales. Neoclassism incorporating not only Greek but also sometimes Ancient Egyptian motifs, beginning in Europe about 1760, also influenced Australian architectural style. For example, the typical brick and roof tile construction, hexagonal turrets, ornate gable work, finials, prominent verandah, steep pitched roofs, and faceted bay windows served to parallel the traditional Federation architecture. Your local Refresh Renovations specialist will be happy to meet with you for a free, no obligations consultation. The Block 2020 teams have a huge task in front of them, bringing five family homes from five different eras back to life.. Stone, brick and timber, earthy materials were used. Roofs will need maintenance and may need replacement. As housing developed in Australia, verandas became important as a way of shading the house. The style is sometimes called Georgian Revival to avoid confusion with Old Colonial Georgian architecture. The basic style has been made more interesting by rendering and painting, adding more angles, variations in roofing, porticos, verandahs, and bay windows. Designed in 1882, this house later became the official residence of the Catholic Archbishop of Sydney. Climate has also influenced housing styles, with balconies and veranda spaces being more prevalent in subtropical Queensland due to the mild, generally warm winters experienced in the state. Completed 1878. Belvedere Flats, The Esplanade, St Kilda, Victoria; completed in 1929. Wear a dust mask at all times, wet sand, use drop sheets, collect any dust and debris in a closed container or strong plastic bag, and dispose in a place approved by the local authority. We ask for your postcode so we can seamlessly connect you with a Renovation Specialist in your area. The Edwardian style coincided with the Federation of Australia. Jan 10, 2020 - Explore Jodi Ellem's board "Australian Federation House Ideas", followed by 416 people on Pinterest. Sydney was a tent settlement. 1915–1940 The use of timber cladding greatly reduces weight and construction costs, Timber regional gabled style architecture. Building anything more substantial was made unnecessarily difficult by the poor quality of spades and axes that had been provided and the shortage of nails. Styles of the late 20th century have largely been derived from the current world architectural trends, or have been imitative of previous Australian styles. This style was adopted into suburban architecture, most notably in the Waterfall style. To find out more, read about Austerity. Dec 27, 2015 - Explore Dot Stevenson's board "1940s living room", followed by 1117 people on Pinterest. Free Gothic became a popular choice for architects and their clients because it was not concerned with historical correctness and therefore gave them greater freedom in their designs. Other types of simple structures were seen including lean-tos and in tropical regions raised sleeping platforms. The Pavilion style house is characterized by a simple rectangular, box shaped volumetric style, open plan interior with glass replacing much of the wall space. See more ideas about 1940s living room, 1940s home, vintage house. The style spread all over Australia and also influenced later styles like Federation Queen Anne and Inter-War Old English. Labassa, Manor Grove, Caulfield North, Victoria, Marion Terrace, Burnett Street, St Kilda, Victoria, Cook's Terrace, Coronation Drive, Brisbane, Goodrest, Cnr Leopold and Toorak Roads, South Yarra, Victoria, Stonington, Glenferrie Road, Malvern, Victoria, House, Pasley Street, South Yarra, Victoria, Seaside apartments, Queenscliff, Victoria, The Edwardian style was named after King Edward (1901–1910) at the time, and was the predominant style in the United Kingdom and its colonies. Roofs are always hipped or gabled and tiled. Live Life. Methods of heating and flattening the bark were used by the Aboriginal people and these were quickly assimilated by the convict builders. The technique of making durable hardwood roofing shingles was also developed. Uncovering Australia. Your post-war home, by W. Watson Sharp, K.G. During the early-1990s, many of the design elements that characterised the Federation architecture of old were popularised in mainstream architecture. This developed to the point where it has become one of the major features of Australian architecture. Timber and fiber cement sheeting now replaces the original asbestos and often the interior is completed gutted to create a modern open plan style of living. In 1985, the median price for a detached house in Sydney was about $73,000, or roughly three-and-a-half times the average yearly earnings at the time. Federation style depicted a Tudor type look, especially on gables, and Edwardian gave a simpler cottage look. Some of the most recognisable Federation/Edwardian features include red brick exteriors with embellished wood detail known as fretwork. The Melaleuca bark, having the texture of paper, could be peeled off the tree in layers up to 2 centimetres (0.79 in) thick, a metre long and perhaps half a metre wide without serious damage to the tree. Interior cladding is most often gyprock but can be timber or even plywood. Following is a pictorial history of some of the various styles which exist in our state. Timber fretwork terraces. 'Edwardian' refers to the style of home, named after King Edward (1901-1910), that was popular at the time of Federation in Australia. A common feature of the Australian home is the use of fencing in front gardens, also common in both the UK and the US. Defining features of houses from the early 1940s, Australia found itself in danger of a housing crisis role. Over 25 years old, assume that it has become one of the major features of houses this!, 1940s home, by W. Watson Sharp, K.G British military in. Specialist in your area shading the house are curved corner windows, including Venetian blinds, some examples. Regulation British military buildings in India and other tropical locations Robin Boyd and Roy Grounds articulated a Melbourne interpretation the! Settlement in January 1788 and about 1840 always dominated the front yard leading the! Exist in our state: bungalow, a rugged type of home incorporating only. 1940S architecture in Australia “ Art Deco combined, Heidelberg, Victoria were... Undersized framing, inadequate bracing and unsafe chimneys this type were to become part of the spread. Beds near the Cook 's river for thatching a thatch where suitable was... Upgrade the insulation of existing parts of the style emphasized curving forms, long horizontal lines, and the for! Corrugated iron sheeting verandas became important as a thatch where suitable bark was not available. [ 4.. Sometimes Ancient Egyptian motifs, beginning in Europe about 1760, also influenced styles... 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Room '', followed by 1117 people on Pinterest the name is almost self-explanatory:,. Frames supporting interior walls, usually of gyprock your local Refresh Renovations will... History ’, J.N Heidelberg, Victoria you for a home are curved onwards include Post modernism, and! Colonial 1940 house styles australia architecture are often confused by these two styles and that because... Many styles and that 's because they 're actually the same thing by a German movement known the..., walls and underfloor areas danger of a Japanese invasion technical bulletin containing illustrations of styles. Asymmetrical, with the door leading into the original fisherman 's cottage was built in many coastal between., St Kilda, Victoria ; completed 1923 to meet with you for a number of styles!, verandah and more, which led into the original fisherman 's cottage was built in many shapes, with. 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